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Cost-Benefit Analysis of Save80 Improved Cook-Stove Program in Farming Communities in Kaduna State, Nigeria

Robert Ugochukwu Onyeneke, Chinedum Uzoma Nwajiuba, Canice Sonny Nwosu

Abstract


Save80 is one of the improved cook-stove in dissemination in Kaduna State, Nigeria where majority of the households depend on fuel-wood for cooking. Transitioning to Save80 improved cook-stove (ICS) has been discussed as one important step to improving productivity and reducing expenditure on fuel-wood use, reducing indoor air pollution, improving health, and decreasing greenhouse gas emissions in Nigeria. However, few studies document the costs and benefits of this technology based on detailed and consistent field data. This study therefore conducted the cost-benefit analysis of Save80 improved cook-stove program in Kaduna State, Nigeria where majority of households are farmers and depend on fuel-wood for cooking. Random sampling and purposive sampling techniques were adopted in the selection of respondents for this study. Also, water boiling tests and controlled cooking tests were conducted in all the selected project areas among users and non-users of the stove. Data for the study were obtained from primary and secondary sources. Data collected were analyzed using benefit-cost ratio. The benefit-cost ratio of Save80 technology in Kaduna State was 30.15 implying that the investment of N1 in Save80 cook-stove program had a significant benefit of N30.15. The study concludes that Save80 cook-stove intervention is a viable one and should be introduced throughout Nigeria.


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